Characterizing Magnetized Plasmas with Dynamic Mode Decomposition. (arXiv:1911.06938v1 [physics.plasm-ph])

Accurate and efficient plasma models are essential to understand and control experimental devices. Existing magnetohydrodynamic or kinetic models are nonlinear, computationally intensive, and can be difficult to interpret, while often only approximating the true dynamics. In this work, data-driven techniques recently developed in the field of fluid dynamics are leveraged to develop interpretable reduced-order models…

Temperate and chronic virus competition leads to low lysogen frequency. (arXiv:1911.07233v1 [q-bio.PE])

The canonical bacteriophage is obligately lytic: the virus infects a bacterium and hijacks cell functions to produce large numbers of new viruses which burst from the cell. These viruses are well-studied, but there exist a wide range of coexisting virus lifestyles that are less understood. Temperate viruses exhibit both a lytic cycle and a latent…

Topological based classification using graph convolutional networks. (arXiv:1911.06892v1 [cs.SI])

In colored graphs, node classes are often associated with either their neighbors class or with information not incorporated in the graph associated with each node. We here propose that node classes are also associated with topological features of the nodes. We use this association to improve Graph machine learning in general and specifically, Graph Convolutional…

3D Conditional Generative Adversarial Networks to enable large-scale seismic image enhancement. (arXiv:1911.06932v1 [eess.IV])

We propose GAN-based image enhancement models for frequency enhancement of 2D and 3D seismic images. Seismic imagery is used to understand and characterize the Earth’s subsurface for energy exploration. Because these images often suffer from resolution limitations and noise contamination, our proposed method performs large-scale seismic volume frequency enhancement and denoising. The enhanced images reduce…

Upward Overshooting in Turbulent Compressible Convection. I.Effects of the relative stability parameter, the Prandtl number, and the P\’eclet number. (arXiv:1911.06942v1 [astro-ph.SR])

In this paper, we investigate the upward overshooting by three-dimensional numerical simulations. We find that the above convectively stable zone can be partitioned into three layers: the thermal adjustment layer (mixing both entropy and material), the turbulent dissipation layer (mixing material but not entropy), and the thermal dissipation layer (mixing neither entropy nor material). The…

Spatial Resolution of Local Field Potential Signals in Macaque V4. (arXiv:1911.07388v1 [q-bio.NC])

A main challenge for the development of cortical visual prostheses is to spatially localize individual spots of light, called phosphenes, by assigning appropriate stimulating parameters to implanted electrodes. Imitating the natural responses to phosphene-like stimuli at different positions can help in designing a systematic procedure to determine these parameters. The key characteristic of such a…

The Creation and Validation of Load Time Series for Synthetic Electric Power Systems. (arXiv:1911.06934v1 [eess.SY])

Synthetic power systems that imitate functional and statistical characteristics of the actual grid have been developed to promote researchers’ access to public system models. Developing time series to represent different operating conditions of these synthetic systems will expand the potential of synthetic power systems applications. This paper proposes a methodology to create synthetic time series…

Characterization of Intact Eukaryotic Cells with Subcellular Spatial Resolution by Photothermal-Induced Resonance Infrared Spectroscopy and Imaging. (arXiv:1911.07560v1 [q-bio.QM])

Photothermal-Induced Resonance (PTIR) spectroscopy and imaging with infrared light has seen increasing application in molecular spectroscopy of biological samples. The appeal of the technique lies in its capability to provide information about IR light absorption at a spatial resolution better than allowed by light diffraction, typically below 100 nm. In the present work we test…

On Space-spectrum Uncertainty Analysis for Coded Aperture Systems. (arXiv:1911.06956v1 [eess.IV])

We introduce and analyze the concept of space-spectrum uncertainty for certain commonly-used designs for spectrally programmable cameras. Our key finding states that, it is impossible to simultaneously capture high-resolution spatial images while programming the spectrum at high resolution. This phenomenon arises due to a Fourier relationship between the aperture used for obtaining spectrum and its…