### The quadratic Wasserstein metric for inverse data matching. (arXiv:1911.06911v1 [math.NA])

This work characterizes, analytically and numerically, two major effects of the quadratic Wasserstein ($W_2$) distance as the measure of data discrepancy in computational solutions of inverse problems. First, we show, in the infinite-dimensional setup, that the $W_2$ distance has a smoothing effect on the inversion process, making it robust against high-frequency noise in the data…