AttentionGAN: Unpaired Image-to-Image Translation using Attention-Guided Generative Adversarial Networks. (arXiv:1911.11897v1 [cs.CV])

State-of-the-art methods in the unpaired image-to-image translation are capable of learning a mapping from a source domain to a target domain with unpaired image data. Though the existing methods have achieved promising results, they still produce unsatisfied artifacts, being able to convert low-level information while limited in transforming high-level semantics of input images. One possible…

Reliability properties of k-out-of-n systems with one cold standby unit. (arXiv:1911.11818v1 [math.PR])

In this paper, we study reliability properties of a k-out-of-n system with a single cold standby unit. We mainly focus on the case when the system operates in discrete time. In order to describe its aging behavior we consider three different mean residual life functions. By using some properties of order statistics we present several…

A Functional Equation of Tail-balance for Continuous Signals in the Condorcet Jury Theorem. (arXiv:1911.11827v1 [math.PR])

Consider an odd-sized jury, which determines a majority verdict between two equiprobable states of Nature. If each juror independently receives a binary signal identifying the correct state with identical probability $p$, then the probability of a correct verdict tends to one as the jury size tends to infinity (Condorcet, 1785). Recently, the first two authors…

On evolutoids of regular surfaces in Euclidean 3-space. (arXiv:1911.11830v1 [math.DG])

Inspired by the concept of evolutoids of planar curves, we present the concept of evolutoids for regular surfaces as an envelope of a two-parameter family of lines in Euclidean 3-space. We give an explicit parametrization for such evolutoids. Besides, we used the theory of singularities to study the local behavior of regular points of this…

Twist-Valued Models for Three-valued Paraconsistent Set Theory. (arXiv:1911.11833v1 [math.LO])

Boolean-valued models of set theory were introduced by Scott and Solovay in 1965 (and independently by Vop\v{e}nka in the same year), offering a natural and rich alternative for describing forcing. The original method was adapted by Takeuti, Titani, Kozawa and Ozawa to lattice-valued models of set theory. After this, L\”{o}we and Tarafder proposed a class…

Physics Approaches to the Spatial Distribution of Immune Cells in Tumors. (arXiv:1911.11846v1 [physics.bio-ph])

The goal of immunotherapy is to enhance the ability of the immune system to kill cancer cells. Immunotherapy is more effective and, in general, the prognosis is better, when more immune cells infiltrate the tumor. We explore the question of whether the spatial distribution rather than just the density of immune cells in the tumor…

Artificial Intelligence for Diagnosis of Skin Cancer: Challenges and Opportunities. (arXiv:1911.11872v1 [eess.IV])

Recently, there has been great interest in developing Artificial Intelligence (AI) enabled computer-aided diagnostics solutions for the diagnosis of skin cancer. With the increasing incidence of skin cancers, low awareness among a growing population, and a lack of adequate clinical expertise and services, there is an immediate need for AI systems to assist clinicians in…

Protein Folding from the Perspective of Chaperone Action. (arXiv:1911.11900v1 [q-bio.BM])

Predicting the three-dimensional (3D) functional structures of proteins remains an important computational milestone in molecular biology to be achieved. This feat is hinged on a clear understanding of the mechanism which proteins use to fold into their native structures. Since Levinthal’s paradox, there has been a lot of progress in understanding this mechanism. Most of…