A note on observation processes in epidemic models. (arXiv:1911.11948v1 [q-bio.PE])

Many disease models focus on characterizing the underlying transmission mechanism but make simple, possibly naive assumptions about how infections are reported. In this note, we use a simple deterministic Susceptible-Infected-Removed (SIR) model to compare two common assumptions about disease incidence reports: individuals can report their infection as soon as they become infected or as soon…

Characteristics Of Post Partum Perineum Wounds With Infra Red Therapy. (arXiv:1911.12006v1 [q-bio.OT])

Perineal wounds other than their localization in humid feminine areas and can pose a risk of infection. This quantitative study aims to see a description of the characteristics of post partum maternal perineal wounds with infrared therapy twice a day for three consecutive days with a descriptive analytic analysis design. Sample selection technique with purposive…

Mortality for circulatory and respiratory causes associated with influenza circulation in Russia during the 2013/14 through the 2018/19 seasons. (arXiv:1911.12062v1 [q-bio.PE])

Background: Information on influenza-associated mortality in Russia is limited. Methods: Using previously developed methodology (Goldstein et al., Epidemiology 2012), we regressed the monthly rates of mortality for respiratory causes, as well as circulatory causes linearly against the monthly proxies for the incidence of influenza A/H3N2, A/H1N1 and B (obtained using data from the Smorodintsev Research…

Active Quenching of Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors. (arXiv:1911.11941v1 [physics.ins-det])

Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors are typically biased using a constant current source and shunted in a conductance which is over an order of magnitude larger than the peak normal domain conductance of the detector. While this design choice is required to ensure quenching of the normal domain, the use of a small load resistor…

Universal Relation Between Thermodynamic Driving Force and One-Way Fluxes in a Nonequilibrium Chemical Reaction with Complex Mechanism. (arXiv:1911.11956v1 [physics.chem-ph])

In nonequilibrium chemical reaction systems, a fundamental relationship between unbalanced kinetic one-way fluxes and thermodynamic chemical driving forces is believed to exists. However this relation has been rigorously demonstrated only in a few cases in which one-way fluxes are well defined. In terms of its stochastic kinetic representation, we formulate the one-way fluxes for a…

Multiscale modeling meets machine learning: What can we learn?. (arXiv:1911.11958v1 [physics.bio-ph])

Machine learning is increasingly recognized as a promising technology in the biological, biomedical, and behavioral sciences. There can be no argument that this technique is incredibly successful in image recognition with immediate applications in diagnostics including electrophysiology, radiology, or pathology, where we have access to massive amounts of annotated data. However, machine learning often performs…

Nonlinear optical response properties of a quantum dot embedded in a semiconductor microcavity : possible applications in quantum communication platforms. (arXiv:1911.11987v1 [quant-ph])

We theoretically investigate optical bistability, mechanically induced absorption (MIA) and Fano resonance of a hybrid system comprising of a single quantum dot (QD) embedded in a solid state microcavity interacting with the quantized cavity mode and the deformation potential associated with the lattice vibration. We find that the bistability can be tuned by the QD-cavity…

The Limited Reach of Fake News on Twitter during 2019 European Elections. (arXiv:1911.12039v1 [cs.SI])

The advent of social media changed the way we consume content favoring a disintermediated access and production. This scenario has been matter of critical discussion about its impact on society. Magnified in the case of Arab Spring or heavily criticized in the Brexit and 2016 U.S. elections. In this work we explore information consumption on…

Dynamic string-averaging CQ-methods for the split feasibility problem with percentage violation constraints arising in radiation therapy treatment planning. (arXiv:1911.12041v1 [math.OC])

In this paper we study a feasibility-seeking problem with percentage violation constraints. These are additional constraints, that are appended to an existing family of constraints, which single out certain subsets of the existing constraints and declare that up to a specified fraction of the number of constraints in each subset is allowed to be violated…

TimeCaps: Capturing Time Series Data with Capsule Networks. (arXiv:1911.11800v1 [cs.LG])

Capsule networks excel in understanding spatial relationships in 2D data for vision related tasks. Even though they are not designed to capture 1D temporal relationships, with TimeCaps we demonstrate that given the ability, capsule networks excel in understanding temporal relationships. To this end, we generate capsules along the temporal and channel dimensions creating two temporal…