Characterization of Age-related Microstructural Changes in Locus Coeruleus and Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta. (arXiv:1911.11336v1 [physics.med-ph])

Locus coeruleus (LC) and substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) degrade with normal aging, but not much is known regarding how these changes manifest in MRI images, or whether these markers predict aspects of cognition. Here, we use high-resolution diffusion-weighted MRI to investigate microstructural and compositional changes in LC and SNpc in young and aged cohorts,…

One-directional thermal transport in densely aligned single-wall carbon nanotube films. (arXiv:1911.11340v1 [physics.app-ph])

Individual carbon nanotubes (CNTs) possess extremely high thermal conductivities. However, the thermal conductivities and their anisotropy of macroscopic assemblies of CNTs have so far remained small. Here, we report results of directional thermal transport measurements on a nearly-perfectly aligned CNT film fabricated via controlled vacuum filtration. We found the thermal conductivity to be 43 +-…

Effective Decoding in Graph Auto-Encoder using Triadic Closure. (arXiv:1911.11322v1 [cs.LG])

The (variational) graph auto-encoder and its variants have been popularly used for representation learning on graph-structured data. While the encoder is often a powerful graph convolutional network, the decoder reconstructs the graph structure by only considering two nodes at a time, thus ignoring possible interactions among edges. On the other hand, structured prediction, which considers…

Contextual Combinatorial Conservative Bandits. (arXiv:1911.11337v1 [cs.LG])

The problem of multi-armed bandits (MAB) asks to make sequential decisions while balancing between exploitation and exploration, and have been successfully applied to a wide range of practical scenarios. Various algorithms have been designed to achieve a high reward in a long term. However, its short-term performance might be rather low, which is injurious in…

Spatial Modeling for Correlated Cancers Using Bivariate Directed Graphs. (arXiv:1911.11342v1 [stat.AP])

Disease maps are an important tool in cancer epidemiology used for the analysis of geographical variations in disease rates and the investigation of environmental risk factors underlying spatial patterns. Cancer maps help epidemiologists highlight geographic areas with high and low prevalence, incidence, or mortality rates of cancers, and the variability of such rates over a…

An Autonomous Spectrum Management Scheme for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Networks in Disaster Relief Operations. (arXiv:1911.11343v1 [cs.LG])

This paper studies the problem of spectrum shortage in an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) network during critical missions such as wildfire monitoring, search and rescue, and disaster monitoring. Such applications involve a high demand for high-throughput data transmissions such as real-time video-, image-, and voice- streaming where the assigned spectrum to the UAV network may…

High Dimensional M-Estimation with Missing Outcomes: A Semi-Parametric Framework. (arXiv:1911.11345v1 [stat.ME])

We consider high dimensional $M$-estimation in settings where the response $Y$ is possibly missing at random and the covariates $\mathbf{X} \in \mathbb{R}^p$ can be high dimensional compared to the sample size $n$. The parameter of interest $\boldsymbol{\theta}_0 \in \mathbb{R}^d$ is defined as the minimizer of the risk of a convex loss, under a fully non-parametric…

Semantic Bottleneck Scene Generation. (arXiv:1911.11357v1 [cs.LG])

Coupling the high-fidelity generation capabilities of label-conditional image synthesis methods with the flexibility of unconditional generative models, we propose a semantic bottleneck GAN model for unconditional synthesis of complex scenes. We assume pixel-wise segmentation labels are available during training and use them to learn the scene structure. During inference, our model first synthesizes a realistic…

Robust Estimation of Hypernasality in Dysarthria. (arXiv:1911.11360v1 [eess.AS])

Hypernasality is a common symptom across many motor-speech disorders. For voiced sounds, hypernasality introduces an additional resonance in the lower frequencies and, for unvoiced sounds, there is reduced articulatory precision due to air escaping through the nasal cavity. However, the acoustic manifestation of these symptoms is highly variable, making hypernasality estimation very challenging, both for…

ATCSpeech: a multilingual pilot-controller speech corpus from real Air Traffic Control environment. (arXiv:1911.11365v1 [cs.CL])

Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) is greatly developed in recent years, which expedites many applications on other fields. For the ASR research, speech corpus is always an essential foundation, especially for the vertical industry, such as Air Traffic Control (ATC). There are some speech corpora for common applications, public or paid. However, for the ATC, it…