Simplified calcium signaling cascade for synaptic plasticity. (arXiv:1911.11326v1 [q-bio.NC])

We propose a model for synaptic plasticity based on a calcium signaling cascade. The model simplifies the full signaling pathways from a calcium influx to the phosphorylation (potentiation) and dephosphorylation (depression) of glutamate receptors that are gated by fictive C1 and C2 catalysts, respectively. This model is based on tangible chemical reactions, including fictive catalysts,…

A Two-stream End-to-End Deep Learning Network for Recognizing Atypical Visual Attention in Autism Spectrum Disorder. (arXiv:1911.11393v1 [eess.IV])

Eye movements have been widely investigated to study the atypical visual attention in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The majority of these studies have been focused on limited eye movement features by statistical comparisons between ASD and Typically Developing (TD) groups, which make it difficult to accurately separate ASD from TD at the individual level. The…

Seizure intervention via diffusion mechanisms. (arXiv:1911.11409v1 [q-bio.QM])

We begin by demonstrating that the neuronal state equation from Dynamic Causal Modelling takes on the form of the discretized Fokker-Planck equation upon the inclusion of local activity gradients within a network. Using the Jacobian of this modified neuronal state equation, we show that an initially unstable system can be rendered stable via a decrease…

Multiplexing rhythmic information by spike timing dependent plasticity. (arXiv:1911.11466v1 [q-bio.NC])

Rhythmic activity has been associated with a wide range of cognitive processes. Previous studies have shown that spike-timing-dependent plasticity can facilitate the transfer of rhythmic activity downstream the information processing pathway. However, STDP has also been known to generate strong winner-take-all like competitions between subgroups of correlated synaptic inputs. Consequently, one might expect that STDP…

Random Forest as a Tumour Genetic Marker Extractor. (arXiv:1911.11471v1 [q-bio.GN])

Finding tumour genetic markers is essential to biomedicine due to their relevance for cancer detection and therapy development. In this paper, we explore a recently released dataset of chromosome rearrangements in 2,586 cancer patients, where different sorts of alterations have been detected. Using a Random Forest classifier, we evaluate the relevance of several features (some…

A new set of cluster driven composite development indicators. (arXiv:1911.11226v1 [econ.GN])

Composite development indicators used in policy making often subjectively aggregate a restricted set of indicators. We show, using dimensionality reduction techniques, including Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and for the first time information filtering and hierarchical clustering, that these composite indicators miss key information on the relationship between different indicators. In particular, the grouping of indicators…

Indirect transactions and requirements. (arXiv:1911.11569v1 [econ.GN])

The formulation of the indirect transactions between the sectors of an economic system is a long-standing open problem. There have been numerous attempts to define and mathematically formulate this concept in various scientific fields in literature. The current indirect effects formulations for an economic system represent the sum of the subsequent gross outputs of goods…

Proportionality and the Limits of Welfarism. (arXiv:1911.11747v1 [cs.GT])

We study two influential voting rules proposed in the 1890s by Phragm\’en and Thiele, which elect a committee or parliament of k candidates which proportionally represents the voters. Voters provide their preferences by approving an arbitrary number of candidates. Previous work has proposed proportionality axioms satisfied by Thiele’s rule (now known as Proportional Approval Voting,…

Financial accumulation implies ever-increasing wealth inequality. (arXiv:1809.08681v3 [q-fin.GN] UPDATED)

Wealth inequality is an important matter for economic theory and policy. Ongoing debates have been discussing recent rise in wealth inequality in connection with recent development of active financial markets around the world. Existing literature on wealth distribution connects the origins of wealth inequality with a variety of drivers. Our approach develops a minimalist modelling…