Falling Through the Cracks: A Dynamical Model for the Formation of In-Groups and Out-Groups. (arXiv:1911.10419v1 [physics.soc-ph])

Social categorizations are an important aspect of human society, dividing people into “us” and “them” often along attributes such as race or even political ideology. Social categorizations can, on the one hand, lead to a sense of belonging, and on the other hand, fuel conflicts. Thus, it is vital to understand where and how the…

Overcharging of zinc ion in zinc finger protein structure is needed for DNA binding stability. (arXiv:1911.10452v1 [q-bio.BM])

The zinc finger structure where a Zn2+ ion binds to 4 cysteine or histidine amino acids in a tetrahedral structure is very common motif of nucleic acid binding proteins. The corresponding interaction model is present in 3% of the genes of human genome. As a result, zinc finger has been shown to be extremely useful…

Reaching a Consensus on Random Networks: The Power of Few. (arXiv:1911.10279v1 [math.CO])

A community of $n$ individuals splits into two camps, Red and Blue. The individuals are connected by a social network, which influences their colors. Everyday, each person changes his/her color according to the majority of his/her neighbors. Red (Blue) wins if everyone in the community becomes Red (Blue) at some point. We study this process…

Capturing the Continuous Complexity of Behavior in C. elegans. (arXiv:1911.10559v1 [q-bio.NC])

Animal behavior is often quantified through subjective, incomplete variables that may mask essential dynamics. Here, we develop a behavioral state space in which the full instantaneous state is smoothly unfolded as a combination of short-time posture dynamics. Our technique is tailored to multivariate observations and extends previous reconstructions through the use of maximal prediction. Applied…

Biological sex classification with structural MRI data shows increased misclassification in transgender women. (arXiv:1911.10617v1 [q-bio.NC])

Transgender individuals show brain structural alterations that differ from their biological sex as well as their perceived gender. To substantiate evidence that the brain structure of transgender individuals differs from male and female, we use a combined multivariate and univariate approach. Gray matter segments resulting from voxel-based morphometry preprocessing of N = 1753 cisgender (CG)…

A Laterally Vibrating Lithium Niobate MEMS Resonator Array Operating at 500{\deg}C in Air. (arXiv:1911.10276v1 [physics.app-ph])

This paper reports the high-temperature performance of a laterally vibrating piezoelectric Lithium Niobate (LiNbO3) MEMS resonator array up to 500{\deg}C in air. After a high-temperature burn-in treatment, device quality factor (Q) is enhanced and the resonance shifts to a lower frequency and stabilizes. During subsequent in situ high-temperature testing, the resonant frequencies of two coupled…

Reliability studies of electronic components for the operation at cryogenic temperature. (arXiv:1911.10285v1 [physics.ins-det])

Cold electronics is a key technology in many areas of science and technology including space exploration programs and particle physics. A major experiment with a very large number of analog and digital electronics signal processing channels to be operated at cryogenic temperatures is the next-generation neutrino experiment, the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). The DUNE…

Non-reciprocal cavity polariton. (arXiv:1911.10300v1 [quant-ph])

Breaking the time-reversal symmetry of light is of great importance for fundamental physics, and also have attracted increasing interests in the study of non-reciprocal photonics for applications. The optical non-reciprocity has been realized by engineering the susceptibility of dielectric, through either magneto-optics effect with bias magnetic field or directional coherent nonlinear optical effects stimulated by…

Robust Q-tunable topological induced transparency in metasurface. (arXiv:1911.10314v1 [physics.optics])

In this study, we demonstrate first, to the best of our knowledge, robust and dynamically polarization-controlled tunable-high-Q PIT in designed nanostructures metasurface, whose sharp resonance is guaranteed by design and protected against large geometrical imperfections. By employing the explicit analysis of near-field characteristic in the reciprocal-space based on the momentum matching, and the far-field radiation…