A Semi-Markov Model for the Control of Thermostatically Controlled Load. (arXiv:1911.10307v1 [math.OC])

Considering the potential of thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) to provide flexibility in demand response or load control, a semi-Markov model (SMM) for the ON/OFF controlled TCL is developed in this paper. This model makes full use of the adjustment flexibility of TCLs when the control period is long and maintains the diversity of switch state…

Neural Integration of Continuous Dynamics. (arXiv:1911.10309v1 [cs.LG])

Neural dynamical systems are dynamical systems that are described at least in part by neural networks. The class of continuous-time neural dynamical systems must, however, be numerically integrated for simulation and learning. Here, we present a compact neural circuit for two common numerical integrators: the explicit fixed-step Runge-Kutta method of any order and the semi-implicit/predictor-corrector…

Analysis of a model for banded vegetation patterns in semi-arid environments with nonlocal dispersal. (arXiv:1911.11037v1 [q-bio.PE])

Vegetation patterns are a characteristic feature of semi-arid regions. On hillsides these patterns occur as stripes running parallel to the contours. The Klausmeier model, a coupled reaction-advection-diffusion system, is a deliberately simple model describing the phenomenon. In this paper, we replace the diffusion term describing plant dispersal by a more realistic nonlocal convolution integral to…

First hitting times to intermittent targets. (arXiv:1911.11041v1 [cond-mat.stat-mech])

In noisy environments such as the cell, many processes involve target sites that are often hidden or inactive, and thus not always available for reaction with diffusing entities. We study the first hitting time statistics of a Brownian particle searching for a target site that switches stochastically between visible and hidden phases. At high crypticity,…

ART: A machine learning Automated Recommendation Tool for synthetic biology. (arXiv:1911.11091v1 [q-bio.QM])

Biology has changed radically in the last two decades, transitioning from a descriptive science into a design science. Synthetic biology allows us to bioengineer cells to synthesize novel valuable molecules such as renewable biofuels or anticancer drugs. However, traditional synthetic biology approaches involve ad-hoc non systematic engineering practices, which lead to long development times. Here,…

Quantum calcium-ion interactions with EEG. (arXiv:0903.1856v3 [q-bio.NC] UPDATED)

Previous papers have developed a statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions (SMNI) fit to short-term memory and EEG data. Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA) has been developed to perform fits to such nonlinear stochastic systems. An N-dimensional path-integral algorithm for quantum systems, qPATHINT, has been developed from classical PATHINT. Both fold short-time propagators (distributions or wave functions)…

A Central Limit Theorem for Punctuated Equilibrium. (arXiv:1602.05189v5 [q-bio.PE] UPDATED)

Current evolutionary biology models usually assume that a phenotype undergoes gradual change. This is in stark contrast to biological intuition, which indicates that change can also be punctuated-the phenotype can jump. Such a jump could especially occur at speciation, i.e. dramatic change occurs that drives the species apart. Here we derive a Central Limit Theorem…